SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF YIELD AND OTHER PARAMETERS ASSOCIATED WITH PEAR TREES
Autores: KONOPATZKI, M R S ; SOUZA, E. G. ; NÓBREGA, L. H. P. ; URIBE-OPAZO, M. A. ; SUSZEK, GRAZIELI.
Periódico: ENGENHARIA AGRÍCOLA (IMPRESSO), V. 32, P. 381-392, 2012.
In the last few years, precision agriculture has become commonly used with many crops, particularly cereals, and there is also interest in precision horticulture. Pear is a seasonal fruit and well appreciated by Brazilian people, although it is mostly imported. Brazilian farmers are nowadays trying to increase pear production. Thus, this research aimed at mapping the yield of pear trees in order to study the spatial variability of yield as well as its comparison with spatial variability of soil and plant attributes. The experimental field had 146 pear trees, variety ‘Pêra d’água’, distributed on a 1.24 ha. Four harvests were performed according to the fruit ripening and from each tree; only the ripe fruits were harvested. In each harvest, all the fruits were weighed and the total yield was obtained based on the sum of each harvest. The soil attributes analyzed were P, K, Ca, Mg, pH in CaCl2, C, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn and base saturation, and the plant attributes were fruit length, diameter and yield. Yield had low correlation with soil and plant attributes. An index of spatial variability was suggested in this study and helped in classifying levels of spatial dependence of the various soil and plant attributes: very low (fruit length); low (P, fruit diameter), medium (Mg, pH, Cu, Zn, Fe), high (Ca, K, base saturation and yield), and very high (Mn and C).
KEYWORDS: precision agriculture, thematic maps, horticulture.